so today we are going to be talking about the seven deadly sins the average investor makes and this is honestly guys what separates successful investors from unsuccessful investors out there now I’m going to be honest with you guys I’m pretty sure this is going to be one of the best videos I have ever done just based on the research that has gone into it and all the viewpoints I’m tying together here so hopefully I’m right about that and I’m not just being overconfident which is actually one of these seven deadly sins that we’ll get to later but you guys got to make sure you let me know in the comments below what you think of this video so before we get into the seven deadly sins let’s acknowledge why I’m holding a copy of the intelligent investor that is because that is basically where this first poll is here that’s where this is from now this isn’t the exact quote on basically paraphrasing this but I just wanted to bring this in here because if you’re looking to learn more about investing the number one book I recommend is the intelligent investor the links in the description the number two book I recommend which is the source for all this information here is unshakable by Tony Robbins I just finished listening to that book in the format of an audiobook I highly recommend that book and that’s basically where I’m getting these from I was from a certain chapter I listen to the information was so valuable I went through my own notes on it and figured I bring my own perspective to the table as far as what they mentioned in that audio book but anyways that’s why I’m holding this book and I highly recommend picking up unshakeable as well by Tony Robbins my quote on the board here says since we cannot predict the behavior of the markets we must predict and control our own behavior okay so this is very simple this basically explains the root of the seven deadly investing sins this is a lack of control of your own behavior the best way I could explain this and maybe this seems kind of silly because I have drawing syrup of men and women on the board and I’m not necessarily saying that pink is women and the blue is men because I’m not trying to make this anything about sexist here okay but basically the best way I could describe this was looking at a relationship alright so we’ve all been in a relationship before I’m sure most of us have where you’re two people who argue all the time if you’re both people will clash that that relationship doesn’t last very long okay because you both have uncontrolled behavior a successful relationship involves one person who is very stable and one person who may be acting erratically and it’s not always the same person I’m not saying that that the woman is always you know the emotional one there’s times when men are emotional as well but what I’m saying is do what you need to do is you need to have one person in that relationship with controlled behavior and controlled emotions at that point in time while the other person may have erratic behavior or be emotional this is how you need to be investing okay the stock market is this partner in the relationship with the erratic behavior the partner who is emotional you need to have controlled behavior and controlled emotions to have a successful relationship okay the problem is most people go at it like scenario B here which is the bad relationship this is where you both have uncontrolled emotions you both have uncontrolled behavior so if you can’t control your own emotions in your own behavior and the stock market has uncontrolled behavior you’re not going to have a good time as an investor and basically guys these seven deadly investing sins all come from scenario B here that most people put themselves in where they have uncontrolled behavior and they don’t control their emotions and they’re working in an uncontrolled environment that is a very bad combination that is exactly like being in a relationship where both people are out of control that ends in a very bad way in most cases you don’t see people in this scenario staying together very long so this is basically the psychology involved with these seven deadly investing sins just so you guys know where we’re coming from because the market is unpredictable because the behavior is unpredictable of the market you need to be the stability you need to be the one in the relationship with the control behavior and the controlled emotions okay so the first deadly investing sin is confirmation bias this is probably one of the most important ones that we’re going to talk about today and it’s very similar to the second one known as the endowment effect so I’m kind of tying these two together because the solution to these is largely the same but confirmation bias is basically seeking confirmation of your own beliefs this is somebody who is not interested or actually shied away from the opinions of other people because they just want to hear that they’re correct in their decisions okay this is something that you see a lot now because it’s very easy to create your own echo chamber this is basically where you’re going to hear exactly what it is you want to hear because you’re being selective about your media consumption it’s very easy to do this now because there’s a lot of biased news sources out there so if you’re somebody who let’s say for example you’re investing in Bitcoin and I’m not saying whether or not that you know I think that’s a good investment or bad investment it doesn’t matter if you’re somebody who only reads articles about why it’s good to invest in Bitcoin and anybody who starts to question you you become defensive and you argue with them and you say no no no I’m right about this and as a result you get frustrated so you only consume media that supports your decision this is what’s called confirmation bias this is an echo chamber at that point you’re only listening to what it is that you want to hear basically you’re rejecting the opinions of other people so all these biased news out there is creating an echo chamber and maybe back back before you know there was such diversification with media you know if you opened up a paper it was less biased I think that as time has gone on now News has become more and more biased so you can really be very selective about your media consumption and people will just listen to or just watch or just read exactly what it is that they want to hear that means they’re not getting all the facts basically you over value information that validates your decision and you undervalue information that contradicts your decision when really you should look at both of these two things equally because at the end of the day we like being right we want to be right about our decisions and when somebody questions you and says you might be wrong you’re going to get defensive and you’re going to take offense to that but as an investor that’s a very dangerous strategy number two is the endowment effect very similar to confirmation bias basically this is believing that what you already hold has greater value basically you’re out of touch with the objective value of what it is that you’re holding now just so you guys just to refresh our minds here that’s helped me too let’s remember what objective means while we’re talking of well you know having a bias toward something if your objective it means that you’re not influenced by personal feelings or opinions and considering and representing the facts so if you’re looking for the objective value of something this is basically the value of it without anybody’s personal feelings involved or the opinions you know anybody’s personal opinion you’re just strictly looking at the facts so you want to make sure that when you are investing in something you’re holding an investment you’re looking at the objective value and you’re not thinking about oh I already own this I like the fact that I have it and because I already have this it’s more valuable to me you have an emotional attachment to that you don’t want to you don’t want to have that happen because basically at that point you’ve fallen in love with that investment and you don’t want to part ways you should be you should always be willing to part ways with your investment if it’s time to part ways you shouldn’t fall in love with it so basically here’s the solution to these two things if you’re somebody who has confirmation bias or you’re somebody who really just loves what you already have this is the solution number one you need to find qualified people who disagree with you okay so you want to find objective opinions okay so you don’t want to find opinions that are skewed by people’s personal feelings or opinions find qualified opinions okay number two remember that all opinions are not created equal so don’t just listen to anyone so I’m not saying that you should go talk to your mailman about whether or not you should buy bitcoin maybe your mailman that’s all he does off-hours is invest in bitcoin I have no idea if he is qualified sure ask his opinion but if someone has no qualifications why why would their opinion have any value make sure you’re seeking out qualified opinions that either confirm or contradict what it is that you think no matter what and that you’re weighing each opinion of equal value and you basically are not skewing your information or having stronger beliefs in one thing over the other and then basically the third thing I’d recommend constantly asking yourself these questions what don’t I know so what are you missing there and also ask what am I not seeing be open to the fact that you don’t know everything and understand that most people don’t know everything and continue to seek qualified opinions from other people the third deadly investing sin is the belief that the current trend will continue basically this is mistake recent events for ongoing trends and as a result we typically buy the wrong thing at exactly the wrong time so this is the belief that oh we’re having a good time the good times are going to keep on rolling or if you’re having a bad time the bad times are never going to end this basically causes you to do the exact opposite of what you should be doing if you go out there and ask anyone for investing advice most people are going to look at you and tell you to buy low and sell high usually you think they’re just being an asshole giving you very very simple advice but the truth is that is the best advice anyone could ever give you because if you fall into this belief that the current trend will continue you’re going to buy high and then you’re going to sell low you’re going to buy high because the good times are going to keep on rolling in your mind because you think things can only go up from here so you’re going to buy up because things should hopefully continue to go up now if you also believe that the bad times are going to stay bad then you’re going to sell before you lose any more money to protect from losing more money that’s the exact opposite of what you want to do so this actually causes you to go basically with the trend and with the herd when you want to be going against the prevailing trend so you shouldn’t believe that the current trend will continue this is not the case at all you should actually be going against the current trend because as a result this do this literally causes people to buy things at the exact wrong time you buy things at the top of the market you’re celebrating your friends are making money investing in this certain sector or this certain stock then everyone gets in and you’re like oh of course it’s going to go up it’s already going up in the past because it went up in the past it has to go up in the future that is just not true basically this comes from the fact that we project out into the future what we have most recently been seeing it’s something our brains are wired to do basically recent experiences carry more weight in our minds and there’s actually a name for this called the recency bias so if you guys don’t believe me look that up ok so once you understand that we’re prone to this recency bias you need to realize that you need to kind of go against the prevailing trend and do what feels wrong so when everyone is celebrating and having a good time that’s probably a good time to sell when everybody thinks that that the bad times are never going to end that’s probably the point when you want to buy okay basically you want to go against what everyone else out there is doing and understand that you’re going to be biased based on recent experiences basically when we’re in a bull market people are having a good time and they’re under the belief that the good times will continue and when we’re in a bear market people are having a very bad time and there’s overall pessimism and people think the bad times are never going to end this results in the tendency for us to buy high and sell low which is the exact opposite of what you want to do this is basically the truth guys most investors arrive when the party is winding down you know you find out about a party you find out a little bit late so let’s say you’re looking to have fun it’s 11 o’clock and also and you hear about a party so you get all hyped up all right you get all your friends in the car you show up at the party and it’s winding down and everyone’s going home and you’re like but about the good times we’re never going to end but they do end because the party always ends so basically investors who believe the current trend will continue arrived just as that party’s winding down and as a result they are going to be in for a rough time because the party is largely over so basically the way to combat this or the solution to this belief that the current trend will continue is understanding that in most cases today’s winners are tomorrow’s losers and today’s losers may be tomorrow’s winners so you want to go against the prevailing trend the number one thing I want you guys to remember is that past results do not guarantee a similar outcome so just because we’re having a good time now doesn’t mean we’re going to be having a good time tomorrow this is one of the best things you can remember is that you want to buy low and sell high and if you go with the current trend you’re going to be doing the exact opposite of that you’re going to be following the herd okay you’re going to be involved in that herd mentality okay if you do that you’re going to be in for a rough time as an investor all right number four is overestimating our abilities basically as humans we are wired to be overconfident this is why every parent out there has an above-average child this is why everyone thinks they’re an above-average driver we’re not we are all probably average drivers and we all probably have our children but we have this belief because we’re over confident that we’re exceptional drivers or that our children are just exceptional children better than the rest another problem is overestimating the abilities of someone else so if you believe someone too much if you are buying too much into what they are saying and you think that they have abilities beyond that of the average person you may also be in for a bad time as an investor basically and this is a direct quote right out of unshakable by Tony Robbins you guys need to pick up this book it’s seriously going to change everything you know about investing and also give you just a calmness towards the idea of a market correction this is a direct quote from the book okay one person salesmanship becomes another person’s misguided certainty okay so when someone is really good at selling you on their idea they’re really good at selling you on this idea that they have that they have abilities of superior to the average person you’re going to believe them and that is misguided certainty you believe that they’re right because you have over competence in their abilities or over confidence in your own abilities and as a result you have misguided certainty and like I said guys I know in the beginning I talked about relationships and how men and women you know I maybe I was picking on the women by having the pink stick figure representing a woman it could be a man or a woman I’m not color biased here but basically now I’m going to pick on the men because men are prone to overconfidence so it’s funny because most people will watch my channel most people who invest our men it’s mostly males who are investing in the stock market so if you’re one of the female investors the minority out there you have a distinct advantage because we as men are prone to overconfidence which is going to give us the basically the problem of overestimating our own abilities we think we can predict the future or even worse we don’t admit that we can’t predict the future you need to understand these two things understand that nobody out there regardless of their abilities can accurately predict the future every single time and you need to understand that no matter what you can’t accurately predict the future all right once you understand these two things you are at an advantage as an investor what happens when we overestimate our abilities we have poor diversification this is investing too much money in one thing okay so maybe maybe you are taking too much stake in what somebody is saying you’re overestimating the abilities of someone else and they tell you that this is the hot stock you need to buy as a result you dump $10,000 which is one third of all of your money in one stock that’s poor diversification if they’re not right about that you’re screwed so as a result this overconfidence is overestimating our abilities results in poor diversification too much money in one stock too much money in one sector the truth is the average investor should hold index funds because most investors do not be market returns if you believe that your abilities are above average if you have above-average trading abilities then maybe give it a shot try trading individual stocks but most people have average investing skills and as a result they should just hold index funds another quote that I liked again this is out of that Tony Robbins book if you can’t add value minimize costs the best way to do that index funds so if you can’t add value with your own intellectual ability as far as picking stocks go for the cheapest stock portfolio out there which largely is index funds in most cases so that is why overestimating your abilities or overestimating the abilities of some stock market guru is a terrible strategy as far as investing goes and it is definitely a stock markets in the fifth deadly investing sin is this quest for homeruns basically this is the desire to gamble or the desire to make speculative investments now before I go any further let’s define what speculative investments are so to do this I am literally taking my notes from the intelligent investor chapter 1 titled investment versus speculation just because I want to show you guys how much value is within this book that has been around for so many years yet all this information is still relevant today so an investment is thorough analysis promising safety of principle and adequate return this is what we call an investment now a speculation that’s operations not meeting these requirements so these are operations that do not have thorough analysis that do not promise safety of principle and they certainly do not promise an adequate return the problem is investment in speculation be too words are used hand-in-hand you don’t hear people on Wall Street calling themselves speculators they call themselves investors you need to understand when you’re making an investment and when you’re making a speculation this is what’s called unintelligent speculation okay number one is speculating when you think you are investing many people do this they have no idea they’re making speculative bets instead of making investments they’re not analyzing things they’re not promising the safety of their principal as their core investing rule and they’re not promising themselves an adequate return number two is speculating full-time when you lack the knowledge and skill also known as overconfidence one of our previous deadly investing sins you can see how this all ties together here number three is risking more than you can afford to lose this is the unintelligent speculator this is the majority of people out there who are trading now here’s the problem or maybe it’s not a problem this is the truth speculation is fun when you’re right when you’re wrong it sucks that’s the truth it hurts when you’re wrong because you lose a lot of money speculative investments have very large downside just a couple examples would be penny stocks trading on margin on trading options contracts these are speculative investments they’re speculations they’re not investments it hurts when you lose because you lose big all right so now that we have an understanding of what a speculation is versus an investment let’s go back to talking about the desire to hit homeruns and just slam it out of the park all right here’s the biggest thing this is my biggest issue I know I’m starting to get a little angry here because this is what I see especially with the penny stocks someone’s right once okay they get lucky are you going to be right again how long is it going to take them to you’re right again what kind of strategy is that you know let’s say you’re playing baseball and somebody says what’s your strategy and you go I swing that bat as hard as I can nine times out of ten I don’t hit anything but the one time that you did hit that bowl it went flying it went very far further than most people hit a bowl but nine times out of ten you’re wrong are you going to be making money if you’re wrong nine times out of ten but one time out of ten you’re right don’t forget guys that if you incur a 50% loss okay on an investment you need a 100% return to offset that loss a 50% return does not get you back to where you were when you started you would need to double your money if you lost half of your money this is something a lot of us forget so if your setback 50% on your investment you’re going to have to be right big next time to get back to even where you started so this quest for home runs the idea of smashing it out of the park by making speculative bets is hardwired in us largely because Wall Street encourages it and secondly our minds crave the sensation we get when we’re right when taking a gamble that is why we like casinos that is why you see people sitting in convenience stores doing scratch offs when they can’t afford to pay their child support it’s because we like the idea of winning of gambling of returns that we really don’t deserve because we did not do have thorough analysis of what we’re doing we do not have a safety of principal or an adequate return we want an inadequate return that’s not proportional to our efforts all right I know I’m going off on a tangent and getting a little frustrated here but this is a really big deal all right you guys now that you understand it though now that you understand that you are well ahead of most investors okay understand that a speculator is not an investor if you want to be a speculator go be a speculator but if you’re here to learn how to invest don’t be a speculator you’re looking to invest understand that investing is a marathon and most people are treating it like a sprint largely this comes from watching what everyone else is doing if you and your friend are both trading stocks it’s your hobby or whatever and your friend is having fantastic returns you’re going to feel like he’s getting way ahead of you because he’s sprinting maybe he’s not considering the safety of his principal with those investments maybe he’s not thinking things through with thorough analysis and as a result he’s right a little bit of the time he’s been right you know he’s made good speculative bets but will he be right every time when he’s not adequately preparing for that investment and he’s largely speculating the problem guys there is a lot of short-term noise on Wall Street that is because Wall Street wins when we are active ok how do brokers make money when we trade when we trade in and out of stocks all we do is fat in the pockets of Wall Street brokers they thrive on activity they want us to be active traders so as a result they create a lot of short-term noise to encourage activity when largely the best thing to do is just hold on to what you have gambling is encouraged and they want you to hit the jackpot that’s why I know a lot of you guys maybe even before you watch this video maybe you got an ad for a guy driving a Corvette encouraging you to go you know invest in penny stocks or something like that they want you to hit the jackpot and have this idea that oh you’re going to hit it out of the park they want you to gamble when really you should look at investing as a marathon where you’re making safe bets over time that will grow your money and at number one your number one rule is to protect the safety of your principal the solution to this is very simple the solution is patience and not worrying about what anyone else is doing with their money oh man this one got heated I hope you guys understand why this is so frustrating to me because I see so many people out there that are speculating when they think that they’re investing and they’re calling themselves investor and it’s even worse because there’s no difference on Wall Street they call it the same thing they call it investing when most people are actually speculating I’m thinking I’m going to have to go get my blood pressure checked after that last stock Markuson holy crap did I get heated over that but anyways guys luckily the last two are more delicate so I’m not going to be as angry with these two number 6 deadly investing sin is the hometown bias and this one is very simple and it makes sense humans have the natural tendency to stay where they are comfortable to stay where they’re safe to stay in familiar territory this is very similar to the endowment effect where you have greater value in what you already hold so you see greater value in where you live and if you work for a certain company you’ll see greater value in that exact company let me give you guys an example when I was 18 years old I worked for JCPenney and I loved that company and I was like you know what I got some money why don’t I invest in JCPenney stock if anyone has seen what has happened to JCPenney stock you’ll understand why the hometown bias could have screwed me in that situation luckily I went and I talked to my dad and some other people and said hey what do you think about this he said oh I would not recommend investing in JC Penney stock so I didn’t do it and as a result I did not fall under the Hometown bias of seeing greater value in what is when basically what is familiar so because I worked there I thought they were the best retailer out there and I’m like they can’t fail but the stock has just been obliterated since then so I’m very glad I did not fall into the hometown bias and do that but a lot of people make this mistake because they have the natural tendency to stay where it is comfortable and they also believe that what they hold or what’s around them so basically when you work for a certain company you believe that because you work there this company is so much better than other companies it’s this endowment effect they tie in together okay here’s three examples of hometown bias number one very common investing only in the market of your own country so most investors in the United States are largely invested solely in US stocks another example of this is investing only in the stock of your employer which is something that I almost did because I fell under the impression that because I worked there and because it was comfortable and familiar it was a good investment number three is investing only in one sector basically this leads to not being diversified enough so let’s take a look at this right here this is the global equity market 49 percent is made up by US stocks and 51 percent is non US stocks so someone who invests 100 percent of their money in US stocks is investing in 49 percent of the market giving them 51 percent of the total global market that they are not exposed to the solution to this is simply just to diversify so if you’re investing in US stocks consider stocks of non-us countries as well if you’re somebody who is solely invested in the stock of your employer consider diversifying or if you’re only investing in tech stocks because you work for a tech company or that’s the sector you’re familiar with you should be more diversified so that is stock markets in number six and number seven is lost aversion this is basically what happened after the stock market crash of 2008 I saw a real-life example of this over the weekend I was at the lake for fourth of July oh just so you guys know it’s like p.m.
On 4th of July and I’m in my room making this video for you guys so I think that deserves a like especially if you’ve watched the video this far so at the 4th of July dropped me like for being crazy and talking to you guys in my room at 10 o’clock on 4th of July anyways for the weekend I was there hanging out and I like being alone a lot of the time there was a lot of people around so I kind of snuck off and I was reading the intelligent investor while I was reading was what some family member came and found me this is my girlfriend’s family and he was like oh what are you reading and I was like oh I’m reading the intelligent investor and he immediately looks at me he goes oh don’t do that man investing is a losing game he said those exact words investing is a losing game and I didn’t say anything because I don’t start arguments like that with people especially because it’s the family of my girlfriend so just a piece of advice there learn when to hold your tongue but anyways I guarantee you it’s a very high probability in my opinion that he got burned in the 2008 to 2009 stock market crash and as a result has a sour taste in his mouth for stocks and investing which as a result many stayed out of the market and missed the entire 8 year market the eight-year bull market that followed that bear market that undid all the damage that was done if you look at the overall S&P 500 index they missed eight years of prosperity because they had a bad taste in their mouth and they were looking to be avoiding loss they were doing loss aversion okay the truth is we remember negative experiences more vividly than positive ones it’s how our minds are wired and market Corrections are regular occurrences okay once you are understanding of market Corrections and you’re not afraid of them you’re not going to need you’re not going to have that loss aversion that’s triggered okay let’s let’s go back to the teachings of good old WB or Warren Buffett he recommends that we need to be greedy when others are fearful so in fact bear markets are one of the best buying opportunities that you will ever see as an investor so as a result of that post 2008-2009 crash many people stayed out of the market and they missed the whole bull market that followed that bear market they were trying to avoid loss and as a result they put their money in savings and checking accounts earning a fraction of a percent of interest that was not keeping up with inflation and as a result they law money even though they thought they were saving it they lost money basically guys small Corrections that happen trigger this loss aversion in our mind all right as a result we see an overreaction so the solution to this is be self-aware the solution to all of this is be self-aware be self-aware that you are likely to have these seven things hardwired in your brain because this is how humans are once you’re aware that you’re doing these things you can better prepare for them and better understand when you’re making emotional decisions so you need to be self-aware you need to educate yourself about corrections and bear markets this is why I recommend picking up unshakable by Tony Robbins as much as I would love to say I pulled all this information together I did not this is right out of unshakable by Tony Robbins I highly recommend you guys check that book out whenever anyone asks me about investing books number one is the intelligent investor number two on my list is now unshakable as I just finished that audio book so if you guys want to buy those books the links are in the description I would really appreciate it if you guys would use those links they are Amazon affiliate links and I get a small Commission which helps me stay alive in my room and have food and be able to bring these videos to you guys so I would really appreciate it especially if you guys watch the video this far if you do plan on buying those books please make sure to use the links in the description but anyways guys these are the seven deadly investing sins I want to ask you a question I want you to be honest with me drop me a comment below what investing sin have you done in the past that you will not do going forward as I said I did a lot of these I’ve had problems with doing many of these things because we’re hardwired to do these things but my hope is that by identifying them you guys can now figure out how to not do these things and understand the solution to these things that we’re hardwired to do anyways guys I really appreciate those of you who stuck around for the whole video if you enjoyed it please drop a like if you are new to my channel please consider subscribing to be notified of any future uploads and as always I thank you guys for watching this video you
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